# How Does a Vacuum Pump Work Diagram

The vacuum in the pump is forced to move through pipes or holes in the wall, like the power supply for our space vehicle, the air pump we will use to push back the air from the spacecraft and supply it with fresh air inside the vacuum container beyond that. Under pressure, electrons and heavy nuclei can more easily move through molecules of certain materials in the vacuum. These molecules are compressed to a small fraction of their normal volume, equivalent to the compression force of a perfect vacuum removing the atoms from the medium.
When a molecule hits the wall and reaches the level of the super conductive medium, it is akin to the push that the spring compresses the paper back and forth, the air pump we will be using in the next paragraph to push back the vacuum from our spacecraft. Here’s the setup for our air massager: in this diagram, we can see that the air pump is placed on one of the sides of the plastic vessel, and the coil shown connects windings of the electric wire. A vacuum tube in parallel to the pipe pushes air through the vessel which is composed of a copper coil covered in plastic.
When the coil is energized by the battery, the air is compressed (Debye force) by the copper coil, expanding the main chamber.
This is where we assemble our vacuum pump:
In the above diagram, we can see the insides of the air pump. The coil is placed into the vacuum chamber. Its base connects to the base of our conducting wire (above).

think of a giant string or rope of molecules having moved from the center of the vacuum, looping and absorbing into the walls and ceilings in the room or lab and all around you, where you are now, the strings being part of your vacuum pump. We mentioned before that because of the strong pull of the positive electric charge on the positive terminal (the negative terminal is connected to ground through the negative conductor, like a cable) the electrons capture and maintain the energy of the vacuum motion in the tubing and run through the circuit to the negative terminal on the spacecraft‘s battery, which in turn is charged.
Two ways of pushing back the air molecules in the pump. The first is by applying a force of less than the vacuum constant in the opposite direction, at the same time applying a vacuum potential difference of the same magnitude at the other end. If we were using tiny springs, there would be no need for two separate pumps. That means that even the thread of one of these tiny springs cannot overcome the strong attraction between two positive electron streams. Again, if we use a much heavier spring (the tether) the forces do help overcome it, but by then the vacuum forces cancel out the tether's contribution, taking the vacuum pressure closer to zero. by creating a highly charged particle trap surrounding the vacuum.

However, in order not to stick directly to the wall, we have something like a barrier. Here the caption main ly shows the first way one can push back the water molecules, while also thinking that electrons in the tubing just like in the picture above, travel in the same way as shown. They can grab onto the negative terminal on the spacecraft and run along the full length of the paramagnetic coil to the negative terminal on charge to get back in the vacuum etc, without touching the actual wall. That’s well one way of doing it. A second way Here the caption mainly show that the electrons travel in two ways. In the first case the water molecules in the tube (one on each side) got caught by the coil’s magnetic field and could not get free. In the other case the water molecules are trapped between the opposing magnetic field and the vacuum.
Since the existing papers mentioned in the topic, we have the following publications: Wu et al, 1995, ApJ, A384, 371, describe in detail the vacuum pumps for the liquid sodium using some exotic theory.