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Differences between isolation gowns, disposable surgical gowns and protective suit and application occasions _ patient

Submitted by Villanueva on Mon, 10/10/2022 - 20:39

Original title: Difference and application of isolation gowns, disposable surgical gowns and protective suit. Isolation clothing Protective clothing refers to protective equipment used to protect medical staff from contamination by blood, body fluids and other infectious substances, or to protect recruits from infection. The isolation clothing should be open at the back and can cover all clothes and exposed skin. It is often used in the operation that may cause blood and body fluid splashing, when contacting patients with infectious diseases and multi-drug resistant bacteria after contact transmission, and when implementing protective isolation for patients with extensive burns and bone marrow transplantation. At present, most of the isolation clothes used in clinic are made of cloth, which can not be discarded after being worn once. For example 1. The medical staff is working. There is a risk of being contaminated by the patient's vomit when HIV-infected people clean up their vomit, so they need to wear gloves and isolation clothes. 2. Multidrug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are mainly transmitted by contact transmission, so patients with multi-drug resistant bacteria should be isolated in a single room or centralized treatment with the same pathogen, wear protective glasses when performing close operations such as sputum suction and tracheal intubation, and wear isolation clothing when work clothes may be contaminated. 3. For diabetes and carry Patients with HBV have a low risk of exposure to blood and body fluids during morning care, and there is no need to wear isolation clothing. Disposable surgical gown At present, China has not promulgated the national or industrial standards for disposable surgical gowns. For reference,Medical Full Body Coverall, the State Food and Drug Administration has issued the Guiding Principles for Technical Examination of Registration of Disposable Surgical Gowns (Shi Yao Jian Ban Xi Han [2011] No.187). According to the guidelines, disposable surgical gowns are divided into standard performance and high performance. High performance surgical gowns are suitable for operations where infectious viruses are known to exist in the patient's blood or where it is unknown whether there are infectious viruses in the blood during emergency rescue, while standard performance surgical gowning is suitable for operations where it is known that there are no infectious viruses in the patient's blood. Expand the full text For example The source of exposure is the advanced AIDS patients, and the occupational exposure is highly infectious.When operating on the advanced AIDS patients, the operator should take appropriate protective measures, including wearing impermeable surgical gowns or waterproof aprons, wearing gloves, Full Body Disposable Coverall ,Medical Full Body Coverall, surgical mask, goggles, and wearing protective equipment to avoid occupational exposure to HIV. Disposable surgical gowns can replace isolation gowns The disposable surgical gown made of non-woven fabrics has good anti-penetration barrier function and anti-bacterial performance for liquid, and can form a reliable protective barrier. Although cotton isolation clothes can block a certain amount of microorganisms in dry state, pathogenic bacteria will penetrate the isolation clothes through liquid in the state of blood or moisture, and lose their protective ability. From the comparison of protective ability, disposable surgical gowns are superior to isolation gowns, so they can be used instead of isolation gowns. Due to the high cost of disposable surgical gowns and the environmental problems arising from the disposal of medical waste, it is not recommended to replace the isolation gowns with disposable surgical gowns, which can be selectively used according to different operations. Disposable protective suit Disposable protective suit refer to the disposable protective articles worn by clinical medical staff when they contact patients with infectious diseases of Class a or under the management of Category A infectious disease. The protective suit should have the characteristics of good waterproof, antistatic, filtering efficiency and no skin irritation, easy to wear and take off, tight combination, elastic cuffs and ankles. Protective suit should be worn in the following cases: ① Clinical medical staff should be in contact with patients with infectious diseases of Class a or under the management of Category A infectious disease. ② Contact with patients with infectious diseases transmitted by air or droplet transmission may be splashed by blood, body fluids, secretions and excreta of patients. In the Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, infectious diseases are divided into three categories: a, B and C. Category A infectious disease include plague and cholera. For infectious atypical pneumonia in Category B infectious disease, pulmonary anthrax in anthrax and human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza, Category A infectious disease of preventive and control measures are also taken.
For example 1. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a respiratory infectious disease caused by a new coronavirus (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus). Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus is a zoonotic virus. Most of the main transmission routes in medical institutions are droplet transmission, and it can also be transmitted through close contact with the secretions or excreta of patients. In order to prevent occupational exposure due to splashing of blood, body fluids and secretions, medical staff should wear protective suit when intubating suspected patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. 2. Human infection H7N9 avian influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by avian influenza a (H7N9) virus infection, and the source of infection may be poultry carrying H7N9 avian influenza virus. People get infected through respiratory transmission or close contact with the secretions or excretions of infected birds. When inquiring patients infected with H7N9 avian influenza,Full Body Disposable Coverall, medical staff do not contact the respiratory secretions of patients, there is no operation to produce aerosols, and there is no need to wear protective suit. Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor:.