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Impact of Poverty on Environment

Submitted by AnnaClare on Thu, 09/13/2018 - 09:53

The connection between humanity's financial situation and environment cannot be underestimated. Economics and politics have a great impact on the world around us. People are concentrated on economic growth at the same time neglecting the harmful effect they cause to nature. Poverty alleviation and environmental degradation are urgent global issues that are strongly interconnected. The main impacts of poverty on the environment include migration of polluting industries to the countries of the third world, improper garbage utilization, great losses from natural disasters, and deforestation.
First, poverty provokes prejudiced attitude. For years, prosperous countries have been shifting the majority of polluting industries to the countries of the third world. It is a cheaper way rather than to pay for environmentally clean technologies that cost a lot of money. Big cities are enough polluted by their own toxic wastes. Therefore, in order to control the level of pollution, governments prohibit dangerous industries that harm people around them. New ecologically clean technologies require significant financial support. Businessmen are interested in making money and, therefore, search ways to cut costs by relocating environmentally dangerous factories and plants to places that are not so polluted and have cheaper prices for business launching. As a result, instead of implementing alternative safe technologies, richer countries continue to pollute countries with a lower income. Moreover, it appears that poorer people have fewer rights than those from the impoverished world. Communities in Africa that are concerned about how to get enough food and water to survive do not fight for their rights to live in an ecologically clean area. They do not protect the environment from poisonous emissions as environmentalists in America and Europe do.
Second, poor people are not able to utilize wastes in a proper and safe way. It is well known that an issue of garbage storage and utilization is very topical nowadays. Developed countries successfully utilize wastes with the help of special factories, so that a great deal of trash can be recycled. However, in the poor countries such factories are great luxury. They cost a lot of money, and if they exist, they still cause damage to the environment. Low quality filters throw harmful emissions into the air. Moreover, many countries are not developed enough to utilize and recycle wastes. Poor communities have enormous garbage dumps that poison everything around them. Harmful substances are absorbed into the ground and then transmitted to water. As a result, plants and animals suffer from various diseases. Furthermore, people have health problems caused by polluted water and air.
Third, poor countries cannot protect themselves from some natural disasters, and they depend on environment more than others do. For example, highly developed countries with frequent flood problems build special constructions that prevent soil deterioration and crops damage. Contrary to them, poor areas suffer from numerous problems connected with floods. Trees are an effective measure against floods, but intensive deforestation by local communities increases the flood danger. Moreover, poor communities rely on the environmental more than rich countries. If to take the poorest Africa villages as an example, it is obvious that their life completely depends on the ecosystem. They get food, water, and resources for building houses from the areas around them. Therefore, they are less resistant to the global changes that can deprive them of everything they live on. Water and food shortage are especially urgent issues if to consider that rich communities dump tons of food as wastes, and drinking water runs from the tapes in every house in America.
Another issue that attracts the attention of environmentalists is deforestation. Poor people need a lot of wood for heating, cooking, and household needs. However, improper and excessive use of forest resources leads to significant ecological degradation. Lack of necessary knowledge makes it difficult for poor people to manage resources in a sound and sustainable way. As a result, there is a great loss in biological diversity and livelihood opportunities. Some people claim that education can help to eradicate poverty and environmental problems. Access to basic education and vocational training, community information on sound agricultural methods, water resources management, natural resources management, waste management, coastal protection, and fishery management are all vital elements for reducing poverty as well as lessening the effects of poverty on the environment. Special programs that stop deforestation and re-forestation can protect a more sustainable resource base that will be beneficial for the poor. To protect the environment, people can create low cost production of heating devices and fuel-efficient stoves that will be affordable for the low-income households (Poverty and the Environment
).
Judging from the abovementioned, poverty has an enormous effect on the environment. Among the most vivid harmful effects is pollution caused by dangerous industries moved from impoverished countries. Another urgent issue is waste utilization, recycling, and contamination through garbage dumps. Harmful substances get into the soil and water and then are absorbed by plants, animals, and humans. Poor people cannot protect themselves from natural disasters and protect the environment from various disasters as well. One more problem generated by poor populations is deforestation. Low-income households require a lot of wood for preparing food, heating houses, and producing goods. Improper forest and agricultural management induces ecological degradation. Only relevant education and special training will help poorer societies to reduce the harmful impact of their activity on ecosystem. Moreover, with the help of proper regulation of natural resources and inventing effective means of wood replacement, low-income households will be able to increase their own well-being.

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